Thursday, July 27, 2017

How To Plant Rice

The quality of the seed and the option

the seeds of selectionSeed is a product of life that should be grown, harvested, and processed correctly in order to realize the potential results of rice varieties. Good quality seed can increase yields by up to 5-20%. Use a good seed leads to lower the high level of seeding, crop planting, reduced the emergence of more uniform crop stand, early plant growth and stronger. Strong growth in the early stages reduces the problem of grass and plant increase resistance to insect pests and diseases. All of these factors contribute to a higher yield and more productive rice fields.

Good seed is purely (from a variety of options), full and uniform in size, worth (more than 80% pengecambahan with the spirit of the good seed), and seeds of weeds, disease free seed, insect pathogen, or other problems.

Select the descendants of various suitable rice to suit that environment will grow inand brilliantly selected seeds from a variety of the highest quality possible is an important first step in the production of rice.

Land preparation

Before the rice can be grown, the soil must be in the best physical condition for the growth of plants and the ground surface is level. Land preparation involving the ploughing and harrowing for 'til ' or dug-up, mix and the level of the ground.

Tillage enables the seeds to planted at a depth of, and also helped with weed control. Farmers can get to ground itself using hoes and other tools or they can be assisted by draft animals, such as Buffalo, or tractors and other machines.

Furthermore, the ground was leveled to reduce the amount of water wasted by rainwater too deep pockets or exposed soil. Leveling the ground effectively allows seedlings to become established more easily, reducing the amount of effort required to manage the plant, and improve the quality of grain and results.

Establishment of plant

Two main practices establishment of rice plant that planting and direct seeding.

Planting technique of the most popular establishments in all of Asia. Pre-germinated seeds transferred from seedbed to wet areas. It requires less seed and is an effective method to control weeds, but needs the labor. Seedlings may be transplanted by machine or hand.

Direct seeding involves Broadcasting seeds dry or pre-germinated seeds and seedlings by hand or by machine plant them. In the rice paddies rainwater and marine ecosystems, seeds dry manually broadcast to the ground and then put either by plowing or by horrible while the ground is still dry. In the area of irrigation, seed usually germinates pre-season before broadcasting.

Water use and management

Cultivated rice are very sensitive to lack of water. To ensure enough water for padi farmers, mostly aiming to maintain the condition of flooding in their field. This is especially true for rice fields. Good water management in rice focuses on the practices that conserve water while ensuring enough water for the plant.

In the environment of rice field rainwater when the optimal amount of water are not likely available for rice production, a suite of options available to help farmers cope with different degrees and forms of water scarcity. This includes sound land preparation and planting activities pre-followed by techniques such as soil saturated culture, alternate wetting and drying, raised beds, Mulching and use of aerobic rice can overcome the condition.

Nutrient management

nutrition-managementAt each stage of the growth of the rice plant have nutritional needs. This makes the management of the critical aspects of a nutrient of rice farming.

The unique nature of the flooding of the land make the rice differs from other plants. Due to the prolonged floods in the rice paddies, farmers were able to conserve soil organic matter and also receive a free input of nitrogen from biological sources, which means they need little or no fertilizer nitrogen to maintain yields. However, farmers can adapt to the conditions of their nutrient management field to improve results.

Plant Health

Rice plant has a range of ' enemy ' in the field. These include mice, insects, viruses, diseases, and weeds. Farmers manage weeds through water management and soil preparation, hand weeding, and in some cases herbcide application. Understanding the interactions between pests, natural enemies, host plants, other organisms, and the environment allows the farmer to determine what if any pest management may need.

Avoid conditions that allow pests to adapt and thrive in a particular ecosystem that helps to identify the weak link in the life cycle of pests and therefore what factors that can be manipulated to manage it.